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伦敦塔London tower

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发表于Post on 2016-11-3 13:46:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读Read

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  虽然伦敦塔上刻满了充满血腥的历史遗痕,但也不要因此而对它敬而远之。塔还是有许多值得一看之处的。
   首先是日尔塔,伊丽莎白一世和托马斯·莫尔曾被幽禁于此。还有反叛者之门,囚犯们被船送到此地后便要向自由世界告别了。格林塔中仍保留着琼女士和安·伯琳的受刑现场。幼主爱德华五世及胞弟惨遭暗杀的血塔自然也不能错过。
   较为有趣的还有刻在博奇安普塔内壁上的字迹,从中您可以倾听到临死的囚犯们的心声。
   此外,在伦敦塔中,还有一处不能不去,这便是珍宝馆。其中藏有世上最大的一块钻石,称为“非洲之星”(重530克拉)。此外还有东印度公司赠送给维多利亚女王的科希内尔钻石等等。不在此一饱眼福,就很难有第二次机会与之见面了。

   历史
   1078年,威廉王在罗马人的城堡旧址建起了怀特塔,其真正的目的只不过是为了给伦敦城制造一些压力,并非真的是要将其作为堡垒用于实战。1285年,在此周围又修建了几座带围墙的塔和一条护城河,自此这条中世纪的防御工程基本上没什么大的变化了。
   这里虽然曾经是主室的住所,最终却逐步演变为关押、拷问、处刑的监狱。最为悲惨黑暗的事件发生在1483年,当时13岁即位的幼主爱德华五世及其胞弟理查德(11岁)被关在血塔(Blood Tower)内,并遭暗杀。多数人认为,其主谋便是其后登上王位的理查德三世。莎士比亚曾将其描绘为一个驼背的恶人。
   此外,还有伊莉莎白一世被幽禁、福克斯一伙被拷问与处死、大战中数名间谍的命丧于此等等,发生在伦敦塔的充满血腥味的故事数不胜数。


The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 (Ranulf Flambard) until 1952 (Kray twins), although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

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发表于Post on 2017-1-5 11:13:10 | 显示全部楼层
好地方

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发表于Post on 2017-2-9 22:01:57 | 显示全部楼层
喜欢这里

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发表于Post on 2017-2-27 18:00:54 | 显示全部楼层
That's fine

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发表于Post on 2017-3-5 15:19:27 | 显示全部楼层
可以的

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发表于Post on 2017-3-15 12:17:59 | 显示全部楼层
very well

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发表于Post on 2017-3-30 22:21:48 | 显示全部楼层
like

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发表于Post on 2017-5-2 19:40:57 | 显示全部楼层
I do like this

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发表于Post on 2017-6-7 16:07:08 | 显示全部楼层
all right

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发表于Post on 2017-6-24 23:51:03 | 显示全部楼层
all right
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