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黄石国家公园Yellowstone National Park

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发表于Post on 2016-11-15 12:38:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读Read
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黄石国家公园(YellowstoneNationalPark)位于美国(TheUnitedStatesofAmerica)西部北落基山和中落基山之间的熔岩高原上,绝大部分在怀俄明州的西北部。海拔2,134-2,438米,面积8,956平方公里。
黄石河、黄石湖纵贯其中,有峡谷、瀑布、温泉以及间歇喷泉等,景色秀丽,引人入胜。其中尤以每小时喷水一次的“老实泉”最著名。园内森林茂密,还牧养了一些残存的野生动物如美洲野牛等,供人观赏。园内设有历史古迹博物馆。自从1872年黄石公园创办以来,已有六千多万人来此观光。游人来自五湖四海,形形色色,所获得的感受自然也就丰富多彩,各不相同:有赏心悦目的赞美,有敬畏或惊诧的感叹,有肃然起敬的沉思,有惊险恐惧的刺激,有对大自然威力和宁静的领悟,还有悲喜交加的经历……

黄石国家森林公园是世界上最原始最古老的国家公园。根据1872年3月1日的美国国会法案,黄石国家森林公园“为了人民的利益被批准成为公众的公园及娱乐场所”,同时也是“为了使她所有的树木,矿石的沉积物,自然奇观和风景,以及其他景物都保持现有的自然状态而免于破坏”。

在辽阔的怀俄明州自然森林区内,黄石国家公园占地约9,000平方公里。在那里可以看到令人印象深刻的地热现象,同时还有3000多眼间歇泉,喷气孔和温泉。黄石国家公园还以拥有灰熊,狼,野牛和麋鹿(不是中国的那种))等野生动物而闻名于世。

最初吸引人们的兴趣并使黄石成为国家公园的显著特征是地质方面的地热现象,这里拥有比世界上其他所有地方都多的间歇泉和温泉、彩色的黄石河大峡谷、化石森林,以及黄石湖。

根据这里的文化遗迹可以判断黄石国家森林公园的文明史可以追溯到12000年前。更近的历史可以从这里的历史建筑,以及各个时期保存下来的公园管理人员和游人的公用设施看出来。公园99%的面积都尚未开发,从而大量的生物种类得以繁衍,这里拥有陆地上最大数量的,种类也最多的哺乳动物。


Yellowstone National Park is a national park located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming, although it also extends into Montana and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone was the first National Park in the U.S. and is also widely held to be the first national park in the world. The park is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful Geyser, one of its most popular features. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is the most abundant. It is part of the South Central Rockies forests ecoregion.

Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years. Aside from visits by mountain men during the early-to-mid-19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. Management and control of the park originally fell under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, the first being Columbus Delano. However, the U.S. Army was subsequently commissioned to oversee management of Yellowstone for a 30-year period between 1886 and 1916.[9] In 1917, administration of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which had been created the previous year. Hundreds of structures have been built and are protected for their architectural and historical significance, and researchers have examined more than 1,000 archaeological sites.

Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2), comprising lakes, canyons, rivers and mountain ranges. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-elevation lakes in North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano on the continent. The caldera is considered an active volcano. It has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years. Half of the world's geothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the land area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the Earth's northern temperate zone.

Hundreds of species of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles have been documented, including several that are either endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands also include unique species of plants. Yellowstone Park is the largest and most famous megafauna location in the Continental United States. Grizzly bears, wolves, and free-ranging herds of bison and elk live in the park. The Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States. Forest fires occur in the park each year; in the large forest fires of 1988, nearly one third of the park was burnt. Yellowstone has numerous recreational opportunities, including hiking, camping, boating, fishing and sightseeing. Paved roads provide close access to the major geothermal areas as well as some of the lakes and waterfalls. During the winter, visitors often access the park by way of guided tours that use either snow coaches or snowmobiles.

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发表于Post on 2017-1-7 10:52:21 | 显示全部楼层
My gosh

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发表于Post on 2017-1-11 10:29:46 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于Post on 2017-1-16 13:02:56 | 显示全部楼层
My gosh

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发表于Post on 2017-1-18 08:52:21 | 显示全部楼层
好地方

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发表于Post on 2017-1-24 11:47:44 | 显示全部楼层
喜欢这里

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发表于Post on 2017-1-25 16:27:58 | 显示全部楼层
看看

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发表于Post on 2017-1-28 21:07:36 | 显示全部楼层
好地方

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发表于Post on 2017-1-30 08:50:42 | 显示全部楼层
Really fun

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发表于Post on 2017-1-30 10:51:25 | 显示全部楼层
Looks interesting
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