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西方元旦New Year's Day

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发表于Post on 2016-11-24 11:04:08 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读Read
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西元前46年,古罗马凯撒把这一天定为西历新年的开始,为了祝福双面神“Janus”,这位罗马神话中的门神,“Janus”后来也演化为英文一月“January”这个词。原本以为教皇把耶稣诞生年作为公元元年,公元一月一日也和耶稣有关联,事实并非如此。可能依照西方普遍信仰基督教,还应该是12月25日圣诞日为过年,所以西方的新年没有圣诞隆重。

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar. In pre-Christian Rome under the Julian calendar, the day was dedicated to Janus, god of gateways and beginnings, for whom January is also named. As a date in the Gregorian calendar of Christendom, New Year's Day liturgically marked the Feast of the Naming and Circumcision of Jesus, which is still observed as such in the Anglican Church and Lutheran Church. In present day, with most countries now using the Gregorian calendar as their de facto calendar, New Year's Day is probably the most celebrated public holiday, often observed with fireworks at the stroke of midnight as the new year starts in each time zone. Other global New Years' Day traditions include making New Year's resolutions and calling one's friends and family.
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