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平安夜Christmas Eve

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发表于Post on 2016-11-24 15:26:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读Read
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平安夜(Silent Night),指12月24日晚,是圣诞夜(Christmas Eve)的意思,既圣诞前夕,圣诞前夜。
由于中西文化的融合,平安夜已成为世界性的一个节日。平安夜传统上是摆设圣诞树的日子,但随着圣诞节的庆祝活动提早开始进行,例如美国在感恩节后,不少圣诞树早在圣诞节前数星期已被摆设。随着发展,平安夜开始转移为圣诞前夕,特指12月24日全天。这一天,大多数欧美家庭成员团聚在家中,共进丰盛的晚餐,期待着圣诞节的到来,圣诞之夜,传说圣诞老人会悄悄地给孩子们准备礼物放在长筒袜里。在英国,平安夜如在工作日,有时会被银行及贸易公司视为短日。传统上不少基督徒会在平安夜参与子夜弥撒或聚会,通常在世界各地的教堂内举行,以表示圣诞日的开始,亦会享用大餐。

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day preceding Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Christmas Day is observed around the world, and Christmas Eve is widely observed as a full or partial holiday in anticipation of Christmas Day. Together, both days are considered one of the most culturally significant celebrations in Christendom and Western society.

Christmas celebrations in the denominations of Western Christianity have long begun on the night of the 24th, due in part to the Christian liturgical day starting at sunset, a practice inherited from Jewish tradition[6] and based on the story of Creation in the Book of Genesis: "And there was evening, and there was morning – the first day." Many churches still ring their church bells and hold prayers in the evening; for example, the Nordic Lutheran churches. Since tradition holds that Jesus was born at night (based in Luke 2:6-8), Midnight Mass is celebrated on Christmas Eve, traditionally at midnight, in commemoration of his birth. The idea of Jesus being born at night is reflected in the fact that Christmas Eve is referred to as Heilige Nacht (Holy Night) in German, Nochebuena (the Good Night) in Spanish and similarly in other expressions of Christmas spirituality, such as the song "Silent Night, Holy Night".

Many other varying cultural traditions and experiences are also associated with Christmas Eve around the world, including the gathering of family and friends, the singing of Christmas carols, the illumination and enjoyment of Christmas lights, trees, and other decorations, the wrapping, exchange and opening of gifts, and general preparation for Christmas Day. Legendary Christmas gift-bearing figures including Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Christkind, and Saint Nicholas are also often said to depart for their annual journey to deliver presents to children around the world on Christmas Eve, although until the Protestant introduction of Christkind in 16th-century Europe, such figures were said to instead deliver presents on the eve of Saint Nicholas' feast day (December 6).

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发表于Post on 2018-3-27 18:22:26 | 显示全部楼层
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